Many pulmonary hypertension patients are diagnosed with PH in association with one or more related conditions. Research shows that up to 30% of scleroderma patients, 20-40% of sickle cell patients and one out of every 200 HIV patients develop at least mild PH.
Other conditions commonly associated with PH include mixed connective-tissue disease, congenital heart disease (CHD), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), sleep apnea, liver disease and lupus. PH has also been linked to the use of certain drugs and toxins, including fenfluramine, dexfenfluramine and methamphetamines.
- Congenital Heart Disease (CHD)
- Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT)
- Liver Disease
- Methamphetamine Use
- Sickle Cell Disease
- Sleep Apnea